Records or parts of records modified as 2019 use detailed wording, as for example at Outrage letter

Records or parts of records modified as 2019 use detailed wording, as for example at Outrage letter


  • Alcohol n. contains a compounds section with the heading ‘Instrumental’. Examples given include alcohol-fuelled (‘fuelled by alcohol’) and alcohol-laced (‘laced with alcohol’).
  • Ruled adj., ‘that is or has been governed’, is used both attributively and ‘as the second element in instrumental compounds’. The quotation paragraph includes examples of such compounds, such as throttle-governed (‘controlled by means of a throttle’) and hell-governed (‘ruled by hell’).

[Which sense of instrumental is utilized in unrevised OED entries and inside entries modified ahead of 2019. C3: “As the a great modifier, toward feel ‘because of the or which have anger’, since the rage-burning, anger-inflamed, etc., adjs.”]


An intensifier is a word, phrase, or prefix which gives force or emphasis. Intensifiers are often adverbs (e.g. very, extremely, utterly) or adjectives (e.gplete in ‘He’s a complete fool’).

  • MURDEROUSLY adv. is defined as ‘As an intensifier: to a great or overpowering extent; extremely’, with examples such as ‘Cash money was still murderously scarce.’
  • FRIGHTSOME adj. is defined as ‘Causing fright; frightening, frightful. Also in weakened use as an intensifier.’ For example, in ‘The eery black an’ frightsome night’, frightsome means ‘frightening’, but in ‘If we could work it we’d get frightsome big bags o’ game’, frightsome is an intensifier meaning ‘very’, ‘extremely’.


An interjection are a word and therefore features alone regarding other terms and conditions and usually signifies a keen exclamation or demand. Instances within the English become alas, eureka, hush, and you may oops.

  • Entries for interjections have the part-of-speech label int. For example, the use of Mamma mia as an interjection, as in ‘Mamma mia! The cost of it!’, is treated at MAMMA MIA int. (and you will letter.). The use of hard cheese as an interjection, as in ‘ “Hard cheddar!” condoled Mr. Davenant’, is treated at Hard Parmesan cheese letter. (and you will int.) 2, with the wording ‘also as int’.
  • Hahah letter. dos describes the use of the noun to mean ‘an instance of the written interjection “LOL”’.
  • WHOA v. 1a describes the sense ‘to call out “whoa” as a general interjection expressing surprise, delight, etc.’

[Unrevised OED records often determine conditions since ‘utilized interjectionally’, definition ‘made use of since the a keen interjection’, however in revised records interjections are offered the new area-of-message identity int.]


An interrogative is a word, clause, or sentence used to ask or express a question. For example, the question ‘Who is responsible?’ is an interrogative sentence. In ‘I asked who was responsible’, who was responsible is an interrogative clause. Interrogative words include who, what, when, where, which, and how: for girlsdateforfree example, in ‘Who is responsible?’, who is an interrogative pronoun.

  • Legal v. 1d is defined as ‘With interrogative clause as object. To determine, tell.’ For example, in the sentence ‘I leave yourselves to judge which kind of a farmer you are’, the clause which kind of a farmer you are is an interrogative clause, expressing the question ‘Which kind of farmer are you?’
  • The phrase to have the heart planned letter. P3e(a) is described as ‘In later use chiefly in negative and interrogative contexts.’ An example of the phrase in an interrogative context is the question ‘Did I really have the heart to deny them a grandfather?’


A verb is intransitive when it does not take a direct object. An intransitive verb may stand alone, or it ple, a prepositional phrase, adverb, or adjective).

In the OED, transitivity labels are applied to senses of verbs and phrasal verbs. The following are examples with the label intransitive.

  • ‘Take a minute to drift off and daydream‘ (at DAYDREAM v. step one): daydream stands alone without a complement.